Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2020, Page: 26-34
Laboratory Assessment of Host Plant Selection of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Halyomorpha halys)
Beatrice Nuck Dingha, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Design, North Carolina A and T State University, Greensboro, USA
Sushil Nyaupane, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Design, North Carolina A and T State University, Greensboro, USA
Louis Ernest Jackai, Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Design, North Carolina A and T State University, Greensboro, USA
Received: Jun. 22, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 16, 2020;       Published: Aug. 10, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.aje.20200402.11      View  81      Downloads  85
Abstract
The behavioral response of brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae), to various phenological growth stages (leaf, flower and pod/seed/kernel) of six host plants (soybean, corn, sunflower, Early Scarlet and Mississippi Silver cowpeas, and princess tree leaf) was investigated in a Dual Choice Arena Test (DCAT) and Multiple Choice Arena Test (MCAT). In DCAT, each experiment consisted of one of the growth stages of each plant with princess tree leaf as the standard. In MCAT, two experiments were conducted using: (1) similar growth stages from the different plants and (2) different growth stages from the same plant. Halyomorpha halys distribution was observed at time intervals up to 24 hours after insects were released. Results from MCAT and Preference Index (PI) from the DCAT indicated that more H. halys were recorded on princess tree leaves. Mississippi Silver (PI=1.59±0.05) and Early Scarlet (PI=1.49±0.08) flowers were preferred over princess tree leaves and other flowers (PI≤1). Sunflower seed was the least preferred (PI=0.43±0.18) among similar growth stages. Overall, the reproductive stages were preferred over the vegetative stage. Our findings can be useful in developing management programs such as trap cropping for this pest.
Keywords
Halyomorpha halys, Brown Marmorated Stink Bug, BMSB, Host Plant Selection, Preference Index, Vegetable Crops
To cite this article
Beatrice Nuck Dingha, Sushil Nyaupane, Louis Ernest Jackai, Laboratory Assessment of Host Plant Selection of the Brown Marmorated Stink Bug (Halyomorpha halys), American Journal of Entomology. Vol. 4, No. 2, 2020, pp. 26-34. doi: 10.11648/j.aje.20200402.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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