Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2020, Page: 10-16
Life Cycle and Fertility Life Table of Zelus vespiformis (Hemiptera: Reduviidae)
Laura Alexandra Laiton Jiménez, National Center for Coffee Research (Cenicafé), Manizales, Colombia
Marisol Giraldo-Jaramillo, National Center for Coffee Research (Cenicafé), Manizales, Colombia
Pablo Benavides-Machado, National Center for Coffee Research (Cenicafé), Manizales, Colombia
Received: Nov. 26, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 12, 2019;       Published: Feb. 11, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.aje.20200401.12      View  433      Downloads  176
Abstract
Zelus vespiformis Hart (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) is a native predator which has been recorded frequently predating on some insects pest of coffee plantations in Colombia. In order to know its biological parameters, its life cycle and fertility life table were evaluated under laboratory conditions at Cenicafé, using Galleria mellonella Linnaeus (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae). To obtain the duration and survival of immature stages, 716 eggs were followed and 23 adults pairs (♂: ♀) were established to construct the life table. The mean duration from egg to adult was 112.65±0.76 days; the egg incubation period was 23.22±0.21 days; and nymphs had 11.75% survival to the adult stage. The longevity of adults was 25.86±2.94 and 30.39±2.26 days for females and males respectively. The mean number of eggs per female was 105.55±10.75. The parameters of the fertility life table were net reproductive rate R0=5.19 (2.54–10.28); generation time T=106.75 (101.7–114.0) days, intrinsic growth rate rm=0.015 (0.009–0.022), and finite growth rate λ=1.015 (1.009–1.023). This information forms a biological basis for initiating studies that pretend to determine the potential of this insect as predator.
Keywords
Predator, Biology, Assassin bug, Demography
To cite this article
Laura Alexandra Laiton Jiménez, Marisol Giraldo-Jaramillo, Pablo Benavides-Machado, Life Cycle and Fertility Life Table of Zelus vespiformis (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), American Journal of Entomology. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2020, pp. 10-16. doi: 10.11648/j.aje.20200401.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Giraldo, J. M., Galindo, L. A., Benavides, M. P., Forero, D. (2011) Learn to know predator bugs of coffee pests. http://biblioteca.cenicafe.org/bitstream/10778/338/1/avt0412.pdf.
[2]
Hart, E. R. (1986) Genus Zelus Fabricius in the United States, Canada, and Northern Mexico (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Ann. Entomol. Soc. Am. 79: 535–548. https://doi.org/10.1093/aesa/79.3.535.
[3]
Coll, M. 1998. Feeding and living on plants in predatory Heteroptera, In: M. Coll and J. R. Ruberson (eds.), Predatory Heteroptera in agroecosystems: their ecology and use in biological control. Entomological Society of America, Lanham, MD. pp. 89-129.
[4]
Laiton, J. L. A., Giraldo, J. M., Forero, D., Benavides, M. P. (2018) Morphology of Castolus lineatus (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) predator of Monalonion velezangeli (Hemiptera: Miridae). Cenicafe Journal. 69: 28–34.
[5]
Zhang, G., Hart, E. R., Weirauch, C. (2016) A taxonomic monograph of the assassin bug genus Zelus Fabricius (Hemiptera: Reduviidae): 71 species based on 10,000 specimens. Biodivers Data J. e8150. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.4.e8150.
[6]
Barrera, J. F., Gómez, J., Herrera, J. (2010) Biology and rearing method of Zelus renardii (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), natural enemy of Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae). http://www2.tap-ecosur.edu.mx/mip/Publicaciones/pdf/Biologia_cria_Zelus.pdf.
[7]
Swadener, S. O., Yonke, T. R. (1973) Immature stages and biology of Zelus socius (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Can. Entomol. 105: 231–238. https://doi.org/10.4039/Ent105231-2.
[8]
Edwards, J. S. (1966) Observations on the life history and predatory behaviour of Zelus exsanguis (Stål) (Heteroptera: Reduviidae). Proc. Royal Entomol. Soc. Series A, General Entomology. 41: 21–24. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3032.1966.tb01131.x.
[9]
Unigarro, P. A. (1958) Biology of the predator Zelus Longipes Linneo (Hemiptero: Reduviidae) in the Valle del Cauca. Rev Fac Nac Agron: Medellín. 18: 53–82.
[10]
Carey, J. R., Papadopoulos, N. T., Papanastasiou, S., Diamantidis, A., Nakas, C. T. (2012) Estimating changes in mean population age using the death distributions of live-captured medflies. Ecol. Entomol. 37: 359–369. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2311.2012.01372.x.
[11]
Chi, H. (1988) Life-table analysis incorporating both sexes and variable development rates among individuals. Environ. Entomol. 17: 26–34. https://doi.org/10.1093/ee/17.1.26.
[12]
Maia, A. de H. N., Luiz, A. J. B., Campanhola, C. (2000) Statistical inference on associated fertility life table parameters using jackknife technique: computational aspects. J. Econ. Entomol. 93: 511–518. https://doi.org/10.1603/0022-0493-93.2.511.
[13]
Grundy, P. R., Maelzer, D. A., Bruce, A., Hassan, E. (2000) A mass-rearing method for the assassin bug Pristhesancus plagipennis (Hemiptera: Reduviidae). Biol. Control. 18: 243–250. https://doi.org/10.1006/bcon.2000.0832.
[14]
Tomson, M., Sahayaraj, K., Kumar, V., Avery, P. B., McKenzie, C. L., Osborne, L. S. (2017) Mass rearing and augmentative biological control evaluation of Rhynocoris fuscipes (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) against multiple pests of cotton. Pest. Manag. Sci. 73: 1743–1752. https://doi.org/10.1002/ps.4532.
[15]
Cenicafé. (2015) Rearing of Zelus sp. (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) predator of Chamusquina coffee bug, In: Annual report Cenicafé. F. N. C. – Cenicafé. Manizales, Colombia. pp. 90-92.
[16]
Bass, J. A., Shepard, M. (1974) Predation by Sycanus Indagator on larvae of Galleria mellonella and Spodoptera frugiperda1. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 17 (2): 143–148. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.1974.tb00329.x.
[17]
Srikumar, K. K., Bhat, P. S., Raviprasad, T. N., Vanitha, K. (2014). Biology, behaviour and functional response of Cydnocoris gilvus Brum. (Heteroptera: Reduviidae: Harpactorinae) a predator of Tea Mosquito Bug (Helopeltis antonii Sign.) on cashew in India. Journal of Threatened Taxa. 6 (6): 5864-5870. https://doi.org/10.11609/JoTT.o3815.5864-70.
[18]
Nitin, K. S., Shivarama, B. P., Raviprasad, T. N., Vanitha, K. (2017) Biology, behaviour and predatory efficiency of Sycanus galbanus Distant (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Harpactorinae) recorded in Cashew plantation. J. Entomol. Zool. Stud. 5: 524–530.
[19]
SAS Institute Inc. (2012) JMP statistical discovery software. Version 9.4, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC, USA.
[20]
Liu, Z., Li, D., Gong, P., Wu, K. (2004) Life table studies of the cotton bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), on different host plants. Environ. Entomol. 33: 1570–1576. https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X-33.6.1570
[21]
Meyer, J. S., Ingersoll, C. G., McDonald, L. L., Boyce, M. S. (1986) Estimating uncertainty in population growth rates: Jackknife vs. Bootstrap techniques. Ecology. 67: 1156–1166. https://doi.org/10.2307/1938671.
[22]
R software team. (2018) R: A language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria.
[23]
Gámez-Virués, S., Eben, A., Cervantes, P. L. (2003) Immature stages and life cycle of Repipta flavicans Stål and R. Taurus (Fabricius) (Heteroptera: Reduviidae). J. N. Y. Entomol. Soc. 111: 126–137. https://doi.org/10.1664/0028-7199(2003)111[0126:ISALCO]2.0.CO;2.
[24]
Ambrose, D. P., Rajan, S., Justin, X., Nagarajan, K., Jeba Singh, V., Krishnan. S. S. (2009) Biology, behavior and functional response of Sphedanolestes variabilis Distant (Insecta: Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Harpactorinae), a potential predator of lepidopteran pests. Entomol. Croat. 13: 33–44.
[25]
Ehler, L. E. (2000) Farmscape ecology of stink bugs in northern California. Entomological Society of America Lanham, MD.
[26]
Chocorosqui, V. R., Panizzi, A. R. (2003) Photoperiod influence on the biology and phenological characteristics of Dichelops melacanthus (Dallas, 1851) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae). Braz. J. Biol. 63: 655–664. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-69842003000400012.
[27]
Hirose, E., Panizzi, A. R., Cattelan, A. J. (2006) Effect of relative humidity on emergence and on dispersal and regrouping of first instar Nezara viridula (L.) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Neotrop. Entomol. 35: 757– 761. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2006000600006.
[28]
Sahayaraj, K. (1991) Bioecology, ecophysiology and ethology of chosen predatory hemipterans and their potential in biological control (Insecta: Heteroptera: Reduviidae). Ph.D. dissertation, Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India. 303p.
[29]
García-González, J., Benítez, S. E., López-Ávila, A. (2005) Life table of Delphastus pusillus (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on the whitefly Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae). Rev. Colomb. Entomol. 31: 155–160.
[30]
Duelli, P. (1981) Is larval cannibalism in lacewings adaptive? (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Popul. Ecol. 23: 193–209. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02515626.
[31]
Leonardsson, K. (1991) Effects of cannibalism and alternative prey on population dynamics of Saduria entomon (Isopoda). Ecology. 72: 1273–1285. https://doi.org/10.2307/1941101.
[32]
Polis, G. A. (1981) The evolution and dynamics of intraspecific predation. Annu. Rev. Ecol. Syst. 12: 225–251. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.es.12.110181.001301.
[33]
Canard, M. (1970) Oophagia of the larvae of the first stage of lacewing (Neuroptera: Chrysopidae). Entomol. Exp. Appl. 13: 21–36. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1570-7458.1970.tb00082.
[34]
Osawa, N. (1993) Population field studies of the aphidophagous ladybird beetle Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae): Life tables and key factor analysis. Popul. Ecol. 35: 335–348. https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00011990.
[35]
Rabinovich, J. E. (1980) Ecology of animal populations. In: Rabinovich, J. E. (Ed.). Introduction to the ecology of animal populations. Continental Publishing Company S. A., Mexico city, Mexico. 114pp.
[36]
Odhiambo, T. R. (1959) An account of parental care in Rhinocoris albopilosus Signoret (Hemiptera- Heteroptera: Reduviidae), with notes on its life history. Proc. Royal Entomol. Soc. Series A, General Entomology. 34: 175–185. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3032.1959.tb00234.x.
[37]
Matesco, V. C., Schwertner, C. F., Grazia, J. (2009) Morphology of the immatures and biology of Chinavia longicorialis (Breddin) (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Neotrop. Entomol. 38: 820–828. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2009000100007.
[38]
Montezano, D. G., Sosa-Gómez, D. R., Paula-Moraes, S. V., Roque-Specht, V. F., Fronza, E., Barros, N. M., Specht, A. (2015) Biotic potential and reproductive parameters of Spodoptera dolichos (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in the laboratory. Zoologia. 32: 485–491; 10.1590/s1984-46702015000600008.
[39]
Imamura, T., Nishi, A., Takahashi, I., Visarathanonth, P., Miyanoshita, A. (2006) Life history parameters of Amphibolus venator (Klug) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae), a predator of stored-product insects. Rep. Natl. Food Res. Inst. 70: 19–22.
[40]
Hassell, M. P. (1980) Foraging strategies, population models and biological control: a case study. J. Anim. Ecol. 49: 603–628. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/426.
[41]
Gotelli, N. J. (2001) A primer of ecology. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland, 266pp.
[42]
Kalidas, S., Sahayaraj, K. (2012) Comparative biology and life stable traits of Rhynocoris longifrons Stal (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) on factitious host and natural cotton pests, In: M. Muthulingam, R. Ronald, P., Vivekananthan, T., Elangovan, A. (eds.), Proceedings of international conference science and technology for clean and green environment, Annamalai University, Tamil Nadu. pp. 142–149.
[43]
Ellers-Kirk, C., Fleischer, S. J. (2006) Development and life table of Acalymma vittatum (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae), a vector of Erwinia tracheiphila in cucurbits. Environ. Entomol. 35: 875–880. https://doi.org/10.1603/0046-225X-35.4.875.
Browse journals by subject