Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2019, Page: 43-48
Blood Feeding Preference of Female Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes for Human Blood Group Types and Its Impact on Their Fecundity: Implications for Vector Control
Manushika Prasadini, Centre for Biotechnology, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Gangodawila, Sri Lanka
Dilakshini Dayananda, Centre for Biotechnology, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Gangodawila, Sri Lanka
Sachini Fernando, Centre for Biotechnology, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Gangodawila, Sri Lanka
Iresha Harischandra, Centre for Biotechnology, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Gangodawila, Sri Lanka; Genetics and Molecular Biology Unit, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Gangodawila, Sri Lanka
Nissanka De Silva, Centre for Biotechnology, Department of Zoology, Faculty of Applied Sciences, University of Sri Jayewardenepura, Gangodawila, Sri Lanka
Received: May 18, 2019;       Accepted: Jun. 13, 2019;       Published: Jun. 26, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.aje.20190302.13      View  178      Downloads  37
Abstract
Aedes aegypti is the major vector of Dengue in Sri Lanka. Dengue virus is transmitted via blood feeding of vector mosquitoes. Blood is an essential component for the fecundity of mosquitoes and the knowledge on feeding behaviour of Ae. aegypti is important in dengue prevention measures. Therefore, the study was designed to identify the preferential feeding of Ae. aegypti on human ABO blood groups and their impacts on fecundity. Laboratory reared female Ae. aegypti mosquitoes were exposed to all four blood groups at once in separate membrane feeders. After feeding, DNA of blood in mosquitoes was extracted and identified using ABO genotyping PCR. Fecundity was determined by the mean number of eggs in an egg batch. The highest preference was observed for the blood group “O” (P<0.05; 0.00). The mean number of egg production of each blood group was not significantly different showing no impact on the blood type for the fecundity. This study reports for the first time that there is no direct impact of the preferred blood group on the fecundity of Ae. aegypti female mosquitoes. Furthermore, preference of blood group selection by female mosquitoes would be highly important in personal protection measures against mosquito bites, as the personal protection is one of the most effective control measures for prevention of Dengue.
Keywords
Aedes aegypti, Dengue, ABO Blood Groups, Feeding Behaviour, Fecundity
To cite this article
Manushika Prasadini, Dilakshini Dayananda, Sachini Fernando, Iresha Harischandra, Nissanka De Silva, Blood Feeding Preference of Female Aedes aegypti Mosquitoes for Human Blood Group Types and Its Impact on Their Fecundity: Implications for Vector Control, American Journal of Entomology. Vol. 3, No. 2, 2019, pp. 43-48. doi: 10.11648/j.aje.20190302.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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