Volume 2, Issue 4, December 2018, Page: 36-41
Influence of Insecticides on Oviposition Behavior of Western Tarnished Plant Bug on Strawberry
Shimat Villanassery Joseph, University of California Cooperative Extension, Salinas, USA; Department of Entomology, University of Georgia, Griffin, USA
Mark Bolda, University of California Cooperative Extension, Watsonville, USA
Received: Nov. 5, 2018;       Accepted: Nov. 19, 2018;       Published: Dec. 10, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.aje.20180204.11      View  268      Downloads  59
Abstract
Western tarnished plant bug, Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae), is a serious insect pest of strawberry in California. Several effective insecticides are applied to manage L. hesperus in strawberry. These insecticides can induce behavioral changes to L. hesperus oviposition such as deterrence and avoidance which are poorly understood in strawberry production. This information can improve integrated L. hesperus management. The objectives of this study were to determine oviposition behavior of adult L. hesperus under 1) no-choice experiment with no insecticide-treated strawberry plant, 2) no-choice experiment with sulfoxaflor, flonicamid and novaluron-treated strawberry plant; and 3) choice experiment with non-treated and sulfoxaflor, flonicamid and novaluron-treated strawberry leaf petioles in semi-field settings. When the distribution of L. hesperus eggs within the non-treated strawberry plants were evaluated at upper, middle and lower strata of the plant as well as at various leaf parts, eggs were uniformly distributed along all three strata of the plant and most of the eggs were found on leaf petiole than on leaf blade, mid-rib or veins. In no-choice experiment, number of the eggs laid by the L. hesperus was significantly lower in the sulfoxaflor-treated than in the non-treated plants. In the choice experiment, number of eggs was significantly greater on non-treated petioles than insecticide- treated when the insecticide was novaluron. There was no difference in L. hesperus egg density between sulfoxaflor or flonicamid-treated and non-treated petioles.
Keywords
Strawberry, Lygus Bug, Sulfoxaflor, Flonicamid, Novaluron, Insecticide
To cite this article
Shimat Villanassery Joseph, Mark Bolda, Influence of Insecticides on Oviposition Behavior of Western Tarnished Plant Bug on Strawberry, American Journal of Entomology. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2018, pp. 36-41. doi: 10.11648/j.aje.20180204.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Allen, W. W. and Gaede, S. E. (1963) The relationship of Lygus bugs and thrips to fruit deformity in strawberries. Journal of Economic Entomology, 56: 823–825.
[2]
Bolda, M. A., Daugovish, O., Fennimore, S. A., Koike, S. T., Larson, K. D., Marcum, D. B. and Zalom F. G. (2008) Integrated pest management for strawberries, 2nd ed., University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources Publication 3351.
[3]
[CDFA] California Department of Food and Agriculture. (2017) Crop report https://www.cdfa.ca.gov/Statistics/PDFs/2016-17AgReport.pdf (accessed on 10 August 2018).
[4]
Monterey County Crop Report. (2017) Office of Agricultural commissioner- Monterey County, California., http://www.co.monterey.ca.us/Home/ShowDocument?id=65737 (accessed on 10 August 2018).
[5]
Handley, D. and Pollard, J. (1993) Microscopic examination of tarnished plant bug feeding damage to strawberry. Journal of Economic Entomology, 86: 505-510.
[6]
Zalom, F. G., Bolda, M. P., Dara, S. K. and Joseph, S. (2012) Strawberry: Lygus bug. UC Pest Management Guidelines, UC ANR Publication 3468. http://www.ipm.ucdavis.edu/PMG/r734300111.html (accessed on 19 February 2018).
[7]
Romani, R., Salerno, G., Frati, F., Conti, E., Isidoro, N, Bin, F. (2005) Oviposition behavior in Lygus rugulipennis: a morpho-functional study. Entomologia experimentalis et applicata, 115: 17-25.
[8]
Wheeler, A. G., Jr. (2001) Biology of plant bugs: pests, predators, opportunists. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY, p. 507.
[9]
Alvarado–Rodriquez, B., Leigh, T. F. and Foster, K. W. (1996)Oviposition site preference of Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) on common bean in relation to bean age and genotype. Journal of Economic Entomology, 79: 1069-1072.
[10]
Graham, H. M. and Jackson, C. G. (1982) Distribution of eggs and parasites of Lygus spp. (Hemiptera: Miridae), Nabis spp. (Hemiptera: Nabidae), and Spissistilus festinus (Say) (Homoptera: Membracidae) on plant stems. Annals of Entomology Society of America, 75: 56-60.
[11]
Benedict, J. H., Leigh, T. F., Frazier, J. L. and Hyer, A. H. (1981) Ovipositional behavior of Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera, Miridae) on 2 cotton genotypes. Annals of Entomology Society of America. 74: 392-394.
[12]
Tingey, W. M. and Leigh T. F. (1974) Height preference of Lygus bugs for oviposition on caged cotton plants. Environmental Entomology, 3: 350-351.
[13]
Balachandran, A., Parajulee M. N and Kerns D. L. (2014) Effect of selected insecticides on Lygus hesperus (Heteroptera: Miridae) oviposition behavior in cotton. Environmental Entomology, 43: 83-90.
[14]
Pickel, C., Zalom, F., Walsh, D. B. and Welch, N. C. (1995) Efficacy of vacuum machines for Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) control in coastal California strawberries. Journal of Economic Entomology, 87: 1636-1640.
[15]
Joseph, S. V. and Bolda, M. (2016) Efficacy of insecticides against Lygus hesperus Knight (Hemiptera: Miridae) in the California’s Central Coast strawberry. International Journal of Fruit Science, 16: 178-187.
[16]
Joseph, S. V. and Bolda, M. (2016) Evaluation of insecticides for western tarnished plant bug management in central coast strawberry, 2016. Arthropod Management. Tests 41. doi: 10.1093/amt/tsw132.
[17]
Joseph, S. V., Bolda, M. (2018) Evaluating the potential utility of an electrostatic sprayer and a tractor-mounted vacuum machine for Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) management in California's coastal strawberry. Crop Protection, 113: 104-111.
[18]
[IRAC] Insecticide Resistance Action Committee. 2018. http://www.irac-online.org/modes-of-action/.
[19]
[EPA] United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2013. https://www.federalregister.gov/documents/2013/05/17/2013-11824/sulfoxaflor-pesticide-tolerances (accessed on 29 August 2018).
[20]
Mulder, R. and Gijswijt, M. J. (1973) The laboratory evaluation of two promising new insecticides which interfere with cuticle deposition. Pest Management Science 4: 737–745.
[21]
Ishaaya, I., Casida, J. U. and Dietary, T. H. (1974) 60-40 alters composition and enzyme activity of the house fly larval cuticle. Pesticide, Biochemistry and Physiology, 4: 484–490.
[22]
Post, L. C., DeJong, B. J. and Vincent, W. R. (1974) 1-(2, 6-Disubstituted benzoyl)-3-phenylurea insecticides: inhibitors of chitin synthesis. Pesticide, Biochemistry and Physiology, 4: 473–483.
[23]
Desneux, N., Decourtye, A. and Delpuech, J. M. (2007) Sublethal effects of pesticides on beneficial arthropods. Annual Review of Entomology, 52: 81-106.
[24]
Nansen, C., Baissac, O., Nansen, M., Kevin, P. and Baker, G. (2016) Behavioral avoidance –Will physiological insecticide resistance level of insect strains affect their oviposition and movement responses? PLoS One: 11, e0149994.
[25]
Cooper, W. R. and Spurgeon, D. W. (2012) Temperature dependent development of Lygus hesperus (Hemiptera: Miridae) nymphs. Journal of Economic Entomology, 105, 860–865.
[26]
SAS Institute. (2012) Version 9.4, SAS Institute Inc., Cary, NC.
[27]
Udayagiri, S. and Welter, C. Escape of Lygus hesperus (Heteroptera: Miridae) Eggs from parasitism by Anaphes iole (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) in strawberries: plant structure effects. (2000) Biological Control, 17: 234–242.
[28]
Jackson, C. G. (2003) Oviposition by Lygus hesperus and its egg parasitoid, Anaphes iole, in cotton, alfalfa, and a wild mustard. Southwestern Entomology, 28: 167-176.
[29]
Constant, B., Grenier, S., Febvay, G. and Bonnot, G. [1996] Host plant hardness in oviposition of Macrolophus caliginosus (Hemiptera: Miridae). Journal of Economic Entomology, 89: 1446-1452.
Browse journals by subject