Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2018, Page: 23-27
The Impact of Different Protein Content of Pollen on Honey Bee (Apis mellifera L.) Development
Zheko Radev, Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry and Natural Environment, Aristotle University, Thessaloniki, Greece
Received: Sep. 20, 2018;       Accepted: Oct. 8, 2018;       Published: Nov. 5, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.aje.20180203.11      View  115      Downloads  11
Abstract
The objective of the study was to investigate the impact of the protein content of pollen on the development of the honey bee (Apis mellifera L.). The protein content of the pollen influenced the development of the honey bees, and should be taken into consideration as an essential factor. The pollen collected in different periods of the year has a different protein value. The protein content in the examined samples throughout the three seasons ranged from 13.9% to 27.8%, and the average value was 20.9%. Pollen from plants blooming in spring had higher protein content (21.1–27.8%) than those from summer (13.9–23.5%) and autumn (15.1–25.1%). The great amount of pollen that honey bees collected in spring and its richness in proteins could explain the strong growth of brood and population during this period. The development of bee colonies is higher, when honey bees collect pollen with higher protein content. The higher it is, the higher development is. During the spring the pollen with protein content over 21%, and especially over 27% allows the colonies to maintain a high level of development. When autumn providing pollen with high protein content, the bee colonies grow faster in the early spring of the following year as well. Considering the fact that the new beekeeping season started at the end of August and at the beginning of September of the previous year, the amount of protein in the pollen was of great importance for rearing a large amount of brood in the early spring, when the blooming of a large number of plants had not yet begun and the bees used mainly the pollen supplies from the previous year. When the protein content is going down, the development of the bee colonies is also restricted. There is a relationship between the protein content of pollen and the development of bee colonies. This study shows, that development of the bee colonies is strongly connected by protein content of pollen, and protein content of pollen is characterized by a great dynamics of pollen sources.
Keywords
Impact, Protein Content, Pollen, Apis mellifera, Development
To cite this article
Zheko Radev, The Impact of Different Protein Content of Pollen on Honey Bee (Apis mellifera L.) Development, American Journal of Entomology. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2018, pp. 23-27. doi: 10.11648/j.aje.20180203.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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