Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2018, Page: 10-15
A Survey of Ectoparasites of Wild Bird Species at Two Gallery Forests Along River Benue at Makurdi Benue State, Nigeria
Stephanie Mdzuami Adelusi, Department of Biological Sciences, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Isegbe Emmanuel Onah, Federal College of Veterinary and Medical Laboratory Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom-Jos, Nigeria
Edward Agbo Omudu, Department of Biological Sciences, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Received: Jun. 14, 2018;       Accepted: Jun. 28, 2018;       Published: Jul. 24, 2018
DOI: 10.11648/j.aje.20180202.12      View  1250      Downloads  104
A survey of ectoparasite species infesting wild birds at two gallery forests in Makurdi was investigated to provide baseline information on the types of ectoparasites infesting wild birds. Birds were trapped from September 2015 to August 2016; a combination of visual examination and dust ruffling technique was used to remove ectoparasites from live birds. Specimens were preserved in labeled vials containing 70% alcohol. The parasites were identified using standard taxonomic keys when viewed under a light microscope. A total of 254 birds were captured out of which, 174 (68.5%) were infested with 1,294 ectoparasites (1,208 lice, 25ticks, 50 mites and 11 flies). The birds had high single infestation 107(42.1%). Ectoparasitic infestation varied significantly between months (F(11, 253)=2.620, P<0.05) and between bird species (F(58, 253)=2.353, P<0.05), with the months of May and June showing higher infestations and at the Mu gallery Forest. The study concludes that there is high prevalence of ectoparasites on wild birds at gallery forests hence making the forests possible reservoir for ectoparasites for domestic birds. The study recommends further studies to determine the effects of parasites on the health of wild birds and possible transmission of parasites from wild to domestic birds.
Disease, Host, Infestation, Lice, Prevalence, Vectors
To cite this article
Stephanie Mdzuami Adelusi, Isegbe Emmanuel Onah, Edward Agbo Omudu, A Survey of Ectoparasites of Wild Bird Species at Two Gallery Forests Along River Benue at Makurdi Benue State, Nigeria, American Journal of Entomology. Vol. 2, No. 2, 2018, pp. 10-15. doi: 10.11648/j.aje.20180202.12
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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