Volume 1, Issue 2, December 2017, Page: 27-30
Personal Protective Practices Against Mosquito Bites by Undergraduate Students of Federal University of Agriculture Makurdi, North Central Nigeria
Manyi Manasseh Msugh-Ter, Applied Entomology and Parasitology Unit, Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Akaangee Loveth Mngurumun, Applied Entomology and Parasitology Unit, Department of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Nigeria
Onah IsegbeEmmanuel, Federal College of Veterinary and Medical Laboratory Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom-Jos, Nigeria
Received: May 27, 2017;       Accepted: Aug. 23, 2017;       Published: Sep. 19, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.aje.20170102.11      View  1430      Downloads  101
Abstract
Mosquito-borne diseases are of public health significance in Makurdi, Nigeria. Investigations on the protective practices against mosquito bites among Undergraduate students of Federal University of Agriculture Makurdi were conducted from January to April, 2016. Data was collected from a total of 300 students across the University hostels and private accommodation around the campus using structured questionnaires. Of the 300 students interviewed, 171 (57%) were males while 129 (43%) were females, and all of them (100%) had used one or more forms of the protective practices against mosquito bites. The age group 15-25 years had the highest number of responses (67%) while age group 35-45 years recorded the least number of responses (0.7%) respectively. The responses were significantly dependent on the age and sex of respondents (χ2 = 47.247, df = 3, P > 0.05). The use of window nets as protection against mosquito bites recorded the highest frequency 233/300(77.7%) while the use of mosquito weeds as repellents had the least number of respondents 2/300(0.7%) respectively. The results showed that there was a significant difference (P < 0.05) between male and female respondents. Similarly, the responses varied significantly (P < 0.05) across the age groups. There was a significant difference (P < 0.05) in the level of effectiveness of the protective measures used among the students. The use of window and door nets, insecticide treated nets and insecticidal sprays were the most commonly used protection against mosquito bites. The fact that a large population of the respondents had used at least one control measure or the other against mosquito bites provided evidence for high rate of mosquito bites in the University community. It is recommended that Insecticide Treated Nets should be distributed free to the students on seasonal basis and proper environmental sanitation should be encouraged to destroy mosquito breeding sites in the community.
Keywords
Mosquito Bites, Mosquito-Borne Diseases, Protection Practices, Makurdi, Nigeria
To cite this article
Manyi Manasseh Msugh-Ter, Akaangee Loveth Mngurumun, Onah IsegbeEmmanuel, Personal Protective Practices Against Mosquito Bites by Undergraduate Students of Federal University of Agriculture Makurdi, North Central Nigeria, American Journal of Entomology. Vol. 1, No. 2, 2017, pp. 27-30. doi: 10.11648/j.aje.20170102.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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