Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2017, Page: 11-15
A Preliminary Survey of Ectoparasites and Their Predilection Sites on Some Livestock Sold in Wadata Market, Makurdi, Nigeria
Onah Isegbe Emmanuel, Federal College of Veterinary and Medical Laboratory Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom-Jos, Nigeria
Akor Aaron Anyebe, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Omudu Edward Agbo, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Uweh Philomena Odeh, Biology Department, College of Advanced and Professional Studies, Benue, Nigeria
Opoggen Love, Entomology Unit, Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, University of Benin, Benin, Nigeria
Idoko Marvin Agogo, Department of Community Health, Methodist College of Health Technology, Ebenta, Uwowku, Oju, Nigeria
Received: Apr. 27, 2017;       Accepted: May 5, 2017;       Published: Jun. 28, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.aje.20170101.13      View  1641      Downloads  84
Abstract
An investigation of ectoparasites of some livestock sold in Wadata Market, Makurdi, Nigeria was conducted between August and October, 2014. Sixty (60) cattle, sheep, goat and poultry were examined. Visual screening, handpicking, use of forceps and brushing methods were employed and specific points were the ectoparasites were removed were noted. A total of 1,832 ectoparasites were recovered from the 240 livestock. Ticks had the highest prevalence of 1576(86%) followed by lice 134(7.3%) and fleas 122(6.7%). Mixed infestation was observed in all the livestock species examined. With respect to the sex the prevalence rate was not significantly different (P>0.05). The ectoparasites preferred the abdomen in cattle, sheep and goat while in poultry they preferred the wings. Further research to assess the impact of these parasites on the health and production performance of the free-range domestic animals are strongly recommended.
Keywords
Ectoparasites, Livestock, Ticks, Lice, Flea, Makurdi, Infestation, Prevalence
To cite this article
Onah Isegbe Emmanuel, Akor Aaron Anyebe, Omudu Edward Agbo, Uweh Philomena Odeh, Opoggen Love, Idoko Marvin Agogo, A Preliminary Survey of Ectoparasites and Their Predilection Sites on Some Livestock Sold in Wadata Market, Makurdi, Nigeria, American Journal of Entomology. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2017, pp. 11-15. doi: 10.11648/j.aje.20170101.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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