Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2017, Page: 6-10
Tick Infestation of Cattle in Three Markets in Makurdi, North-Central, Nigeria
Obadiah Happiness Igwe, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Onah Isegbe Emmanuel, Federal College of Veterinary and Medical Laboratory Technology, National Veterinary Research Institute, Vom-Jos, Nigeria
Ugochukwu Joy Uju, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Gbinde Alfred Keghnen, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria
Received: Apr. 27, 2017;       Accepted: May 5, 2017;       Published: Jun. 28, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.aje.20170101.12      View  2252      Downloads  92
Abstract
Ectoparasites infestation is one of the major veterinary problems affecting livestock industries in Nigeria. A survey of tick infestation was carried out on cattle reared in three popular cattle markets in Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria. 1959 ticks were recovered from the 142 cattle examined. Types of ticks found were Boophilus decoloratus 66(3.4%), Amblyomma variegatum 1090(55.6%), Hyalomma spp 8(0.4%) and Boophilus microplus 795(40.6%). The infestation of ticks in North bank cattle market was highest 870(44.4%) compared to Wadata market 838(42.8%) and Oracle farm 251(12.8%). Hyalomma species was recorded as the least abundant. There was no observed significant difference (P > 0.05) in the rate of infestation according to sex of the cattle. The high prevalence of tick infestation recorded in this research has serious economic implication as it has the potential of inflicting pathological effect on both cattle and humans. There is the need to create awareness among livestock owners on the effects of tick infestation and the need to improve animal health extension services in Nigeria.
Keywords
Cattle, Tick, Amblyomma, Infestation, Makurdi
To cite this article
Obadiah Happiness Igwe, Onah Isegbe Emmanuel, Ugochukwu Joy Uju, Gbinde Alfred Keghnen, Tick Infestation of Cattle in Three Markets in Makurdi, North-Central, Nigeria, American Journal of Entomology. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2017, pp. 6-10. doi: 10.11648/j.aje.20170101.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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