Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2017, Page: 1-5
Identification of Encountered Bovine Tick Species in and Around Gambela Town
Hasen Awel Yunus, Department of Animal Sciences, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Mizan Tepi University, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia
Yemane Tesfaye Mamo, Gambella Peoples National Region State, Gambela Town, Counseling Agricultural Office, Gambella, Ethiopia
Bekele Yalew, National Animal Health Diagnostic and Investigation Center, Sebeta, Ethiopia
Abebe Mekonine, National Animal Health Diagnostic and Investigation Center, Sebeta, Ethiopia
Ejigu Zeben, National Animal Health Diagnostic and Investigation Center, Sebeta, Ethiopia
Received: Apr. 25, 2017;       Accepted: May 17, 2017;       Published: Jun. 26, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.aje.20170101.11      View  1871      Downloads  90
A cross sectional study was conducted from December, 2016 to June, 2016 in and around Gambela town to identify different tick species infesting cattle, and host related risk factors for infestation. Adult ticks were collected from 286 cows and both physicaland microscopical examination were performed. Host related risk factors such as age, sex and body conditions were also investigated. The encountered identified tick species were Ambylommavariegatum, Boophilusdecoloratus, Hyalomma Marginatum, Rhipicephalusevertsievertsi, Rhipicephaluspreaxtatus and Hyalommatruncatum in descending order of prevalence. A. variegatum was the most prevalent (97.55%), while H. truncatum were the least abundant (0.35%) with sex prevalence twards female except A. variegatum in which both male and female equally infested. But only H.Marginatum (p < 0.05) and B. decoloratus (p < 0.05) were significantly associated with sex categories of cattle. Although, the association was not statistically significant (p > 0.05), the proportion of tick infestation was higher in adult animals inthe study area. All of tick species, except H. truncatum and R. preaxtatus, were significantly associated with poor body condition of animal (P < 0.05). Overall, the present study revealed high prevalence of tick infestation that could potentially hamper the productivity of cattle in the study area, hence a serious measure should be put in place to control and reduce the adverse effect of tick infestation.
Cattle, Gambela, Prevalence, Tick Species
To cite this article
Hasen Awel Yunus, Yemane Tesfaye Mamo, Bekele Yalew, Abebe Mekonine, Ejigu Zeben, Identification of Encountered Bovine Tick Species in and Around Gambela Town, American Journal of Entomology. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.aje.20170101.11
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Ayele, S., Assegid, W., Jabbar, M., Ahmed, M. and Belachew, H. (2003). Livestockmarketingin Ethiopia. Areview of structure performance and development initiativessocio-economicandpolicyresearchworkingpapers. ILRI, Nairobi, Kenya, Pp: 35.
Bayu K (2005). Standard veterinary laboratory diagnostic manual, Vol. III. MOA, Addis Ababa.
Bekele J, Asmare K, Abebe G, and Esayas G (2010). Evaluation of deltamethrin application in the control of tsetse and trypanosomosis in the Southern Rift Valley areas of Ethiopia. Vet. Parasit. 168:177-184.
BilkisMF,MondalMM,RonyS,IslamMA,BegumN(2011).Host determinant based prevalence of ticks and lice in cattle (BosIndicus) at Bogra district of Bangladesh. Progress Agric 22(2):65-73.
Bitew M, Amedie Y, Abebe A, Tolosa T (2011). Prevalence of bovine trypanosomosis in selected areas of JabiTehenan district, WestGojam of Amhara regional state, Northwestern Ethiopia. Afr. J. Agric. Res. 6:140-144.
Bossena F, and Abdu M, (2012). Survey on distribution of tick species inand around Asosa Town, Research journal for veterinary science, pp1-10
CSA (Central Statistical Authority) (2013). Agricultural sample survey 2012/13 report on livestock and livestock characteristics. Volume 2, Statistical Bulletin No. 507. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Feseha B (1997). Species composition and distribution of Ixodid tick in Eastern Harerghe, Ethiopia.Agric. Sci. 16:37-51.
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) (2004). Resistance management and integrated parasite control in ruminants. FAO of the United Nations. pp. 9-77.
Gashaw M (2012). Prevalence of tick genera and their distribution in cattle in Gondor town. DVM Thesis Jimma University, School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma, Ethiopia. pp.11-330
Gurmessa H, Mukarim A, Solomon G and Benti D (2015). Identification of bovine tick species and their prevalence in and around Sebeta Town, Par.Vec.Bio7(1):1-8.
Hoogestraal H (1956): African Ixodidae I. Ticks of the Sudan (with Special Reference to Equatorial Province and with Preliminary Reviews of the Genera Boophilus, Margaroups and Hyalomma).US Government Department of Navy, Medicine and Surgery, Washington, DC.
Hussen Y (2009). Preliminary survey of cattle tick species and burden in and around Bako Town. DVM Thesis, School of Veterinary Medicine Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
Kilpatrick, Howard J, Andrew ML a Bonte (June 2007): Managing Urban Deer in Connecticut: a Guide for Residents and Communities, 2nd edition. Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection.
Magnarelli A, Louis A (2009). Global importance of ticks and associated infectious disease agents. Clin. Microbiol. Newslett. 31(5):33-37.
MananA,KhanZ,AhmadB,Abdullah(2007).Prevalenceand IdentificationofIxodid.MinistryofEconomicDevelopmentand CooperationSurveyofLivestockandFisheriesDevelopment, Agricultural Development Department, Livestock Team, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia pp. 65-111.
Mehari B (2004). Distribution of livestock tick species in Awassa Area. DVM Thesis Faculty of veterinary medicine, Addis Ababa University, Debreziet, Ethiopia. pp. 6-29.
Nicholson M, Butterworth T (1996). A guide tobodyconditionscoreinZebu cattle. International Livestock Center for Africa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Pawlos W, Derese D (2013). Study on prevalence and identification of ticks in Humbo district, Southern Nations Nationalities and People's Region (SNNPR), Ethiopia. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Health 5(3):73-80.
Seyoum Z (2005). Distribution and host parasite relationship of Ixodids ticks in Eastern Amhra, Kombolcha Regional Veterinary Laboratory, Kombolcha, Ethiopia.pp. 34-47.
Sileshi M, Pegram RG, Solomon G, Abebe M, Yilma J, Sileshi Z (2007). AsynthesisofreviewofIxodids(Acari:Ixodidae)andArgas(Acari: Argasidae)ticksinEthiopiaandtheirpossibleroleindiseases transmission. Ethiopia Vet. J. 2:1-22.
Solomon G, Kassa G, (2001). Development reproductive capacity and survival of Amblyommavariegartum andBoophilusdecoloratus in relation host resistance and climatic factors under different field conditions. Vet. Parasitol. 75:241-253.
TamruT(2008).SurveyofBovinetickspeciesinandaroundAsela Town, DVM Thesis, School of Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia.
Thrusfield, M, (2007).Veterinary Epidemiology, 3rdedition. Oxford, UK: Black well science ltd. pp 152-266.
TaylorMA,CoopRH, WallRL(2007).VeterinaryParasitology.3rdEd. Black Well Publishing, London pp. 679-712.
Tessema T, Gashaw A (2010). Prevalence of ticks on local and crossbreed cattle in and around Asela Town, South East, Ethiopia, Amber Animal Health Department, East Gojam. Ethiop. Vet.J. 14(2):79-89.
TeshomeY, FesehaG, WakjiraA, TsegaT(1995).Preliminary observationonticks:Seasonaldynamicsandresistanceofthree indigenousandthreecrossbreedcattleinEthiopia.Bull.Anim. Health. Prod. Afr. 43:105-114.
Tiki B, Addis M (2011). Distribution of Ixodid Ticks, on Cattle in and Around Holeta Town, Ethiopia. Glob. Vet. 7(6):527-531.
Tsegaye A, Yacob H, Bersissa K (2013). Ixodid ticks infesting cattle in three agroecological zones in central Oromia: species composition, seasonal variation, and control practices. Comp. Clin. Pathol. 22(2).
Walker AR, Bouattour A, Camicas JL, Estrada- Pena A, Horak IG, Latif AA, Pegram RG, Preston PM (2003). Ticks of Domestic Animals in Africa: A Guide to Identification of Species. Bioscience Reports, and Edinburgh, UK.pp. 1-205.
Wolde A,MohamedA(2014). Prevalenceofixodidtickson Bovinein Soddozuriadistricts,WolaitaZone,Ethiopia.ActaParasitol.Glob. 5(3):188-197.
Browse journals by subject