Volume 1, Issue 1, September 2017, Page: 1-5
Identification of Encountered Bovine Tick Species in and Around Gambela Town
Hasen Awel Yunus, Department of Animal Sciences, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Mizan Tepi University, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia
Yemane Tesfaye Mamo, Gambella Peoples National Region State, Gambela Town, Counseling Agricultural Office, Gambella, Ethiopia
Bekele Yalew, National Animal Health Diagnostic and Investigation Center, Sebeta, Ethiopia
Abebe Mekonine, National Animal Health Diagnostic and Investigation Center, Sebeta, Ethiopia
Ejigu Zeben, National Animal Health Diagnostic and Investigation Center, Sebeta, Ethiopia
Received: Apr. 25, 2017;       Accepted: May 17, 2017;       Published: Jun. 26, 2017
DOI: 10.11648/j.aje.20170101.11      View  1939      Downloads  90
Abstract
A cross sectional study was conducted from December, 2016 to June, 2016 in and around Gambela town to identify different tick species infesting cattle, and host related risk factors for infestation. Adult ticks were collected from 286 cows and both physicaland microscopical examination were performed. Host related risk factors such as age, sex and body conditions were also investigated. The encountered identified tick species were Ambylommavariegatum, Boophilusdecoloratus, Hyalomma Marginatum, Rhipicephalusevertsievertsi, Rhipicephaluspreaxtatus and Hyalommatruncatum in descending order of prevalence. A. variegatum was the most prevalent (97.55%), while H. truncatum were the least abundant (0.35%) with sex prevalence twards female except A. variegatum in which both male and female equally infested. But only H.Marginatum (p < 0.05) and B. decoloratus (p < 0.05) were significantly associated with sex categories of cattle. Although, the association was not statistically significant (p > 0.05), the proportion of tick infestation was higher in adult animals inthe study area. All of tick species, except H. truncatum and R. preaxtatus, were significantly associated with poor body condition of animal (P < 0.05). Overall, the present study revealed high prevalence of tick infestation that could potentially hamper the productivity of cattle in the study area, hence a serious measure should be put in place to control and reduce the adverse effect of tick infestation.
Keywords
Cattle, Gambela, Prevalence, Tick Species
To cite this article
Hasen Awel Yunus, Yemane Tesfaye Mamo, Bekele Yalew, Abebe Mekonine, Ejigu Zeben, Identification of Encountered Bovine Tick Species in and Around Gambela Town, American Journal of Entomology. Vol. 1, No. 1, 2017, pp. 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.aje.20170101.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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